HOME About  CFS  Division Device Research Cooperation Information CONTACT US

The main building
for HL-2A

General Information on Center for Fusion Science (CFS)
The Center for Fusion Science (CFS) is affiliated with the Southwestern Institute of Physics (SWIP), which was officially founded in 1965 and is the oldest and largest institute focusing on investigation of plasma physics and magnetically confined nuclear fusion in China. The assigned task of CFS is R&D on the realization of fusion energy. CFS consists of eight research divisions, and there are 285 personnel, including senior academic staff, research scientists and engineers, technical support personnel, and administrative staff.

As one of the most important laboratories participating in the international thermo-nuclear fusion research in China, CFS’s research subject is magnetically confined fusion, including theoretical studies of plasma physics and nuclear fusion science, investigation of fusion materials. Since the first linear pinch device was constructed, various experimental facilities for magnetically controlled fusion research have been developed in CFS including Pulse Compress Mirror, Stellarator (1971), MM-2 (super-conducting magnetic mirror, 1972), RFP (reversed-field pinch, 1990), HL-1 tokamak (1984) and HL-1M tokamak (1994). Great progress and important contributions to nuclear fusion and plasma physics have been made on these devices. In December 2002, HL-2A (the first divertor tokamak in China) was put into operation, and some ITER-relevant researches were undertaken.

So far, important progress has been achieved on HL-2A, and the operation parameter regime has been greatly extended. The plasma current in HL-2A tokamak has reached 450kA, and the plasma duration is up to 4200ms. A number of achievements have been made on the physics of plasma transport, plasma turbulence and energetic particles. The heating and current drive systems in the HL-2A tokamak include 3 MW Electron Cyclotron Wave (ECW), 1.5 MW Neutral Beam (NB), and 1 MW Lower Hybrid Wave (LHW). High-power heating and current drive experiments equipped with all these systems improved plasma confinement. In the spring of 2009, ELMy H-mode discharges were obtained in the HL-2A divertor configuration. It is a milestone in the history of magnetic confinement fusion experiment research in China.

Extensive cooperation has been started or strengthened with many research institutes and universities from China and abroad, including Germany, Japan, USA, France, Italy, Russia, UK, Netherlands, Korea, and India.

Internet Center of CFS : E-mail:CFSweb@swip.ac.cn
Web Site: www.swip.ac.cn/cfs/english